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Вальчук Игорь,

#1 13.06.2019 18:18:42

Prinz Eugen
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KMS Schwere Kreuzer Prinz Eugen
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Бой в море Бисмарка.

Камрады, у одного нашего общего знакомого возникли вопросы по бою в море Бисмарка.
Может кто даст компетентную консультацию?

Прочитал МакОлея и стало интересно. При этом даже Нихон Кайгун однозначных ответов не дает.

«Сираюки» – потоплен во время утренней атаки 3 марта
Led escort of troop convoy from Rabaul towards Lae as flagship of Comdesron 3 (Rear Admiral Kimura Masatomi). Sunk: in Allied air attacks of 3 March, 55 miles southeast of Finschhafen (07-15 S, 148-30 E); skip-bomb exploded after magazine, severing stern, 32 dead. Survivors, including Admiral Kimura, Comdesdiv 11 (Captain Sugino Shuichi [46]) and Commander Sugawara (to Naval Personnel Dept.), rescued by SHIKINAMI.

«Арасио» – затонул вечером 3 марта
1-4 March: Battle of the Bismarck Sea
Escorted troop convoy from Rabaul towards Lae. Sunk: after being hit early in Allied air attacks of 3 March; went out of control and rammed NOJIMA. 176 survivors later rescued by YUKIKAZE, and the abandoned hulk was sunk 4 March by Allied aircraft, 55 miles southeast of Finschhafen (07-15 S, 148-15 E); 72, including Commander Kuboki, killed in action.

«Асасио» – скорее всего, потоплен днем 3 марта
1-3 March: Battle of the Bismarck Sea
Escorted troop convoy from Rabaul towards Lae. Sunk: after weathering the first waves of Allied air attacks on 3 March, was bombed later in the day while attempting to rescue ARASHIO and NOJIMA survivors. Lost with all hands, including Comdesdiv 8 (Captain Sato Yasuo [44]), 45 miles southeast of Finschhafen (07-15 S, 148-15 E).

(1) Editorial Note - There were some survivors of Asashio that escaped in a boat that had also rescued Nojima's skipper Captain Matsumoto Kametaro. Japanese sources related that Captain Sato had pledged to protect Nojima and he kept his vow. The survivors testify that Asashio's skipper was killed in the strafing and bombing that pounded his ship before she sank, but that Captain Sato was alive and chose to share the fate of his division flagship. He is considered a hero in Japan. Allied reports indicate that Asashio was pounced upon while engaged in rescue operations about 1310 JST. She had tried to escape when the attack arrived, but was battered by four to six direct hits, possibly more, and brought at once to a halt listing to port, and sank quickly, within fifteen minutes, by 1330 JST. The one variant speculation in Lex McAulay's fine book "Battle of the Bismarck Sea" that Asashio remained afloat for many hours to the next day is almost certainly erroneous. Japanese sources all agree that only two destroyer derelicts -- Arashio and Tokitsukaze -- remained afloat by nightfall, and the former went down in the pre-dawn hours, leaving only Tokitsukaze as the often bombed and photographed derelict finally sunk on 4 March. - (Tully)
«Токицукадзэ» – скорее всего, добит японскими и американскими самолетами 4 марта
•  3 March:
•  Action:
- 0510 YUKIKAZE and ASAGUMO return from Lae and rejoin convoy.
- 0755 Large body of enemy planes of varied types (both U.S. and Australian bombers and fighters) approach from the south. Convoy turns to port to meet it. The attack that follows is devastating to the convoy. Within fifteen minutes all eight marus and three destroyers are sunk or left crippled.
- 0809 TOKITSUKAZE is struck by one or more skip bombs in starboard side that floods the starboard engine rooms. (Apparently shatters the centerline bulkhead, as port floods too.). Goes dead in the water and becomes unnavigable. She begins to list to starboard and settle in the water. However TOKITSUKAZE is floating on an even keel and in little danger of sinking.
- 1040 Because proceeding with the operation is of utmost importance, and more attacks are expected, the decision was made to transfer all troops and crew to YUKIKAZE which comes alongside. Commander of the 18th Army, Lt.General Adachi and his staff, the 150 soldiers, Commander Motokura (to C.O. HAMANAMI) and almost the entire crew are removed. The TOKITSUKAZE is not scuttled, but simply allowed to drift away. The hope and plan is to return for her later.
- 1305-1320 Drifting TOKITSUKAZE is attacked by enemy bombers in the afternoon wave of attacks. The Americans claim further hits, but the damage is unknown. At the same time, ASASHIO involved in rescue of survivors to her east is bombed and sunk. [1]
- 1800 RADM Kimura aboard SHIKINAMI - having transferred all survivors to HATSUYUKI - leads ASAGUMO and YUKIKAZE back south through Dampier Strait to go to the rescue of survivors and the abandoned TOKITSUKAZE.

4 March:
Japanese destroyers return to the battlefield seeking survivors and to determine salvage prospects.
•  Action:
- 0100 YUKIKAZE locates the drifting TOKITSUKAZE. Twenty survivors are found alive aboard and are rescued. However, because YUKIKAZE had earlier transhipped 170 survivors from sinking derelict of ARASHIO and many survivors are still nearby in the sea, it is apparently decided to not try to tow, nor even scuttle TOKITSUKAZE. The abandoned destroyer is once more left alone to drift. The darkness and strong current also discourage further work. The three destroyers discontinue searches to get out of range by daylight.
- 0710 The derelict TOKITSUKAZE is bombed by a single B-25 [65th Bomb Squadron] which drops two 500-pound bombs. One scores a direct hit near the bridge, confirmed by a famous photograph. The destroyer is still upright but the fantail is coming awash. Even after this hit, she does not settle much further. [2]
- A Japanese plane of the 253rd Air Group searching for survivors sights TOKITSUKAZE still afloat, "listing to starboard." To finish her off and prevent capture, Nine dive-bombers and fourteen fighters are launched. They bomb TOKITSUKAZE around midday, but still fail to sink her. [3]
•  Sunk:
- 1350 Nine B-25s attack TOKITSUKAZE making runs from starboard to port. Hits are scored that finally sink the derelict. TOKITSUKAZE sinks in Huon Gulf 55 miles southeast of Finschhafen (07-15 S, 148-15 E).
(1) - With no one apparently aboard at this time, it is impossible to confirm hits. However, the condition of Tokitsukaze at daybreak of the 4th strongly argues that damage was light and any additional hits were few.
(2) A commonly published vertical of a dead in the water DD in a large oil slick under bombing attack at the Bismarck Sea battle is often identified as an Asashio-class. However, in October 2005 Ed Low in an analysis on J-aircraft convincingly demonstrated it is Kagero-class, and thus the Tokitsukaze. In addition, the original caption of the photo gives the time as 0910 local 4 March; and Japanese sources also confirm only one destroyer remained afloat 4 March. (Besides, Asashio had sunk on the 3rd, and Arashio is visibly missing her bow.) Comparison of the relative position of fixed deck features make the identification. Notice the starboard fantail somewhat awash because of the starboard list and No 2 TT mount trained out probably as part of the lightening attempts or to jettison torpedoes.
(3) Japanese survivors from Aiyo Maru had climbed aboard the drifting Tokitsukaze the morning of 4 March, only to have to jump back overboard as each attack took place. They found Tokitsukaze down at the stern and listing to starboard, as she apparently had been since the previous day and remained. They confirmed that the Japanese planes did not sink her, and that she was sunk by enemy bombing close to dusk.
С Сираюки все ясно.

С Арасио, Асасио и Токицукадзэ - непонятки. МакОлей и Нихон Кайгун противоречат друг другу и сами себе.

Ubi Sabaudia ibi victoria


#2 15.06.2019 03:12:32

Сидоренко Владимир
Сообщений: 4449

Re: Бой в море Бисмарка.

Prinz Eugen

Prinz Eugen написал:

у одного нашего общего знакомого возникли вопросы

Кто таков и почему не спросит сам?


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